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Management and Leadership: Defining the Relationship

Leadership and management are distinguishable. Leaders influence people to improve organizational culture, therefore enhance company outcomes from an interpersonal perspective. Managers influence company’s bottom-line performance via planning and coordinating solutions for more effective organizational operations. To achieve successful organizational results, leadership and management must work collectively to harmonize subordinates in coordinated visionary agendas... Subscribe to Read More 

Organizational Stress: Positive or Negative?

Organizational stress impacts employee health and performance, in turn, affects organization productivity. Health effects on employees due to organizational stress include but are not limited too high blood pressure, ulcers, upset stomach, headaches, palpitations, sweating, fatigue, weight changes, nausea, diarrhea, dry mouth, dizziness, appetite changes, stiff neck, sexual problems, muscle aches, and back pain. With the decline in employee health status, the organization suffers negative consequences of absenteeism, burnout, and turnover. As a result, the organization production decreases and costs associated with recruiting and training new hires, compensation claims, health insurance, and direct medical expenses increases. As a leader of an organization, it is imperative to assess and manage organizational stress. There are several objective and subjective diagnostic tools available to identify the source of organizational stressors. Objective tools helps to distinguish organizational effectiveness by measuring employee tardiness rates, absenteeism rates, grievances filed, and turnover rates, amongst other indicators. Subjective questionnaires and structured interviews provide specific information about the employees’ source of stress...Subscribe to Read More  

Appropriate Use of Transparency in Organizations

According to the Business Dictionary transparency is the “lack of hidden agendas and conditions, accompanied by the availability of full information required for collaboration, cooperation and collective decision-making. Minimum degree of disclosure to which agreements, dealings, practices, and transactions are open to all for verification”. The appropriate use of transparency in an organization allows leadership, employee, and stakeholder accountability, trust, and loyalty. Appropriate levels of transparency within an organization allows for better alignment of objectives and strategies when sharing information, ideas, and thoughts for effective collaborations. A lack of balance in sharing private information may not be a good strategy for transparency; thus, secure data must remain private. Transparency in leadership creates a more rewarding and thriving work environment; in that, leaders engage followers in open access to information and nurture greater involvement...Subscribe to Read More   

Supply and Demand in Health Care

  According to researchers from the American Association of Medical Colleges, by 2030 there will be a scarcity of more than 100,000 doctors. The study found that the numbers of new primary care physicians and other medical specialists are not keeping pace with the demands of a growing and aging population. The primary factors driving demand are population growth and an increase in the number of older Americans. The total U.S. population is expected to grow by about 12% by 2030. Also by 2030, the number of U.S. residents aged 65 and older is expected to increase by 55%, and the number of people aged 75 and older will grow by 73% during the same period. Projections revealed that the supply and demand for physician goods and service require public health policy development for health threat preventions and control...Subscribe to Read More

Keys to Effective Team Leadership

Shared goals, distinctive roles, and clear planning are essential factors for developing and leading an effective team. Shared goals rather than separate goals provide a uniformed vision and sense of purpose for a collective focus and direction for an united team. Both formal and informal responsibilities with specific tasks based on skillful capabilities are critical for coordinating effective team work. A clear plan of action is necessary for directing the overall goals and supporting responsibilities to support the achievements of the team. In addition to these factors in developing and leading effective teams to a committed goal, organized processes, and assured performance, environment also plays a key role. An environment with transparent, open communication, work and life balance, recognition of a work well done, and a strong team spirit are all factors which exist in the environment of an effective team... Subscribe to Read More     

Community-Based Participatory Research

  Community-based participatory research (CBPR) emphasizes collaborative alliances between community members, researchers, community organizations, and health care providers by way of an action research approach to generate knowledge and solve regional health problems. Community-based participatory research (CBPR) is a systematic method in the public health practice that works to involve both members of academia and the community served in the research process as a means to improve health outcomes. The community-based participatory research (CBPR) expands the practice of public health to hard-to-reach communities to increase health data and enhance health service performance. The use of community-based participatory research (CBPR) is significant in identifying system maintenance of the assessment, policy development, and assurance of the public health practice...Subscribe to Read More

price elasticity of demand for health care services

Price elasticity is the empirical foundation of public health epidemiological models. In that, public health pricing policies such as taxes and subsidies are important tools in preventing and controlling a range of threats to the population with emphasis on socioeconomic status. As economic theory postulates that consumers choose the best affordable consumption bundle. Thus, for a given preference, consumption depends on commodity prices and consumer incomes. The elasticity of demand is a unit-free measure of how consumption varies with a ceteris paribus change in price (price elasticity of demand) or income (income elasticity of demand). As such, pricing policies relevant to physician availability and health service delivery per capita should be noted in terms of user fees. The effects of taxes and subsidies on the price elasticity of demand are most important to public health epidemiologists that create policies for low-income communities...Subscribe to Read More

Health Campaign: The Planning Process

  The planning phase in the development of a health campaign is a research- focused process. Researching characteristics of the intended population’s culture, lifestyle, and behavior provides further insight into influential factors and potential solutions. Researching the health needs, preferences, and expectations of the target audience and key stakeholders allows for full understanding of the health communication environment. Research helps to well-define the campaign goals, establish its objectives, clarify strategic approaches, and guide evaluation tools. Research leads to the effectiveness of the public health campaign resulting in a more multifaceted and easily adaptable intervention. Evidence-based research in the planning process of a public health campaign ultimately supports health behavior change.  It is paramount that key stakeholder and community opinion leaders be involved in the planning process of...Subscribe to Read More

Price elasticity influence on quantity of health care

   The magnitude of the slope and the ratio of price over quantity depend on the shape of the demand curve, which is determined by consumers’ preferences. The exact positioning of the curve depends on the levels of fixed prices of other goods and income. Thus, price elasticities values are, in general, different for different commodities and consumers, as well as at different prices and incomes. Unfortunately, in the presented case, there are no close substitutes for the goods offered as drugs, technologies, services, and procedures are standard in most cases...Subscribe to Read More

Central Tendency and Variability

  The examination of the rudimentary characteristics of the data in a research study requires descriptive statistics. Central tendency and variability are components of descriptive statistics. Where categories or scores describe the average or typical distributions denotes center value estimations of the mode (highest frequency or percentage), the median (exact middle), and the mean (arithmetic average). While numbers that describe variable diversity in the distribution indicates variability in terms of the index of qualitative variations (IQV – nominal variable measure for the maximum variation), the range (interval-ratio variable measure for the difference between the maximum and minimum distribution), the interquartile range (IQR – interval-ratio variable measure for the width of the middle 50% of the distribution), the variance (interval-ratio variable measure for the average of the squared deviations from the mean, and standard deviation (interval-ratio variable measure of the square root of the variance. Together with the central tendency and variability, descriptive statistics provides basic evaluations of the research samples and its measurements; hence, the basis for the graphical analysis of quantitative data...Subscribe to Read More